WESTVIC NEWS SUMMER 2018
Welcome to the NDCO Summer newsletter for 2018 forcusing on Graduate opportunities and information gathered from the Australian Network on Disability.
I hope you all have a safe, happy festive season!
National Disability Coordination Officer
Western Victoria Region 16
Graduate Opportunities Websites to check out:
The purpose of GO is to provide you with comprehensive information about a wide range of graduate employment opportunities, including:
- employers currently seeking graduates
- graduate programs, vacation programs, cadetships and other employment programs
- when to apply
- how to apply
- eligibility requirements
- employer contact information.
If you are in your final year of study, don’t leave it until November to think about career options! Most employers recruit for their graduate programs from as early as February in the year prior to graduates taking up employment. The sooner you arm yourself with all the relevant information the better-placed you will be to land the graduate job of your dreams!
As well as our employer profiles, GO provides you with comprehensive job-hunting advice and industry profiles. It is up to you how you want to utilise the wealth of information in GO. To get the most out of it, we suggest the following “GO user tips”:
Take the time to read through the job-hunting advice and industry profile sections. You’ll find plenty of useful information – everything from interview advice to the latest statistics on graduate employment.
Browse the GO employer profiles, as well as using the career search function to sort employers by location, disciplines, work program and more.
Check out the profiles of professional associations relevant to your discipline, interests and long-term goals.
Subscribe to GO email updates.
If you are considering further study now or in the future, browse the postgraduate options section for an overview. Make sure you bookmark the GO website and visit regularly!
GradAustralia was founded by three graduates from the University of Adelaide. Co-founders Jeﬀ Duncan, Steve Butler and Geoﬀ Adams shared a vision to launch new products that would help every university student get the best possible start to their career.
In 2015, GradAustralia was officially launched and the first edition of Australia’s Top 100 Graduate Employers guide was published. Jeﬀ, Steve and Geoﬀ were overwhelmed by the positive feedback from students, educators, and careers services alike, and GradAustralia has since grown to produce a range of print and online products that are used by over 500,000 students annually.
The GradAustralia team are continually testing new products and ideas to transform the way that young people make their career decisions. We always appreciate your feedback, so don’t hesitate to drop us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org to let us know your thoughts and ideas!
Graduate Careers Australia
Graduate Careers Australia (GCA) is one of the leading authorities on graduate employment issues in Australia. We use this position, underpinned by our research and over 40 years of experience, to foster employment and career opportunities for graduates, in association with the higher education sector, government and industry. We are a respected research organisation, providing research services and consulting to CPS the Australian higher education sector, governments and commercial organisations across the world. We conduct extensive and highly regarded research into the outcomes, perceptions and experiences of higher education students and graduates in Australia. On the GCA website, you can explore the wealth of information gathered through our research activities, or start by finding out more about our broad range of surveys and detailed research reports.
Victorian Government Graduate Careers
Each year hundreds of graduates join the Victorian public sector to start new careers — you can be one of them. Graduates join us because of unparalleled opportunities. No other employer can offer the breadth of opportunities across a range of roles and industries, and across the state — in metropolitan, rural and regional areas. Once you join us, you’ll be encouraged to experience different departments, take up temporary roles, and tap into your leadership potential. Our ongoing personal development and training programs ensures your career keeps on moving. And apart from the attractive salaries and generous benefits, you'll receive one more important perk — you get a chance to contribute real change to improving the lives of Victorians. Read more reasons why you should work for Vic. To get started, search for any advertised position or apply in advance for one of our well-regarded graduate programs.
Our graduate programs provide all the structured support you need for a new career in the Victorian public sector. You'll join a network of like-minded people and have access to professionals for ongoing mentoring and guidance. Some of the public sector’s brightest stars are alumni of our graduate programs. All graduate programs are listed below. Please note that applications are only open during specific times of the year.
Graduate Recruitment and Development Scheme (GRADS)
GRADS is a 12-month development program with three rotations in major departments and agencies. When you successfully complete this program, you’re guaranteed a job and a promotion. For more information, see the GRADS page.
Aboriginal Pathway to the Graduate Recruitment and Development Scheme
The Aboriginal Pathway is part of the 12-month Graduate Recruitment and Development Scheme (GRADS) described above. This pathway includes cultural sensitivity, pastoral care and strong indigenous networking. For more information, see the GRADS page.
Science Graduate Program
This is a two-year training and development program with three rotations for recent graduates of science, natural resource management, agriculture, ecology, conservation, planning and related fields. This program is jointly offered by Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning and the Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources.
Professional Services Graduate Program
This 12-month program has rotations through Victoria's justice system. After successfully completing the program, you'll get an ongoing role in a justice related business unit. This program is offered by the Department of Justice and Regulation.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Koori) Graduate Scheme
This 12-month program is for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples who have completed their degree or are in the final year of studies. Opportunities include working on initiatives to connect and communicate with indigenous communities. This program is offered by the Department of Justice and Regulation.
VicRoads Graduate Program
The VicRoads Graduate Program is an 18-month program offering three 6-monthly rotations across different business areas. You''ll receive professional development, executive mentoring, relocation assistance, and opportunities to travel and work overseas. The program is offered by the VicRoads.
Victorian Managed Insurance Authority (VMIA) Graduate Program
The VMIA Graduate Program is a 16-month program with four rotations within an insurance and risk management organisation. The program features professional development, mentoring, work-life balance options, and generous pay and leave. This program is offered by VMIA.
Victorian Auditor-General's Office (VAGO) Graduate Program
The VAGO Graduate program is a structured 12-month learning and development program which leads to an ongoing full time position. Financial audit graduates will also get help joining professional accountancy bodies such as ICAA or CPA. This program is offered by VAGO.
Information Technology Graduate Program
The Information Technology Program is a 12-month program leading to an ongoing full time position. You'll be involved in ICT support, advice and project work across state-wide operations. This program is offered by the Department of Justice and Regulation.
Level Crossing Removal Authority (LXRA) Graduate program
The LXRA Graduate program is a two-year program offering graduates hands-on experience on one of the most high profile infrastructure projects in Melbourne’s history. Graduates will be exposed to industry experts, formal training sessions and support from a professional mentor. This program is offered by the Level Crossing Removal Authority.
Melbourne Metro Rail Authority (MMRA) Graduate Program
The MMRA Graduate program is a two-year program including an 18-month structured learning and development program including multiple rotations, graduate learning services, understanding the network program and a career planning program. This program is offered by the Melbourne Metro Rail Authority.
Cenitex Future Leaders Graduate Program
This 12-month program offers development opportunities across a range of areas and includes work on major ITC projects and mentoring from Cenitex leaders. You'll work on real-world ITC projects that support the State Government’s commitment to a digital Victoria and better outcomes for the community. This program is offered by Cenitex.
Victorian Government Solicitor’s Office (VGSO) Graduate Lawyer program
The VGSO Graduate Lawyer Program is a 12-month program including three-month rotations across four of the five Branches of VGSO. Graduates will have access to continuing professional education, attend courts and tribunals, become involved in major commercial agreements and gain practical involvement with specialised areas of law. This program is offered by the Victorian Governments Solicitor’s Office.
Annual National Conference – Australian Network on Disability
Held annually, Australian Network on Disability's (AND) Annual National Conference provides a unique opportunity for changemakers and those responsible for creating access and inclusion for people with disability as employees, customers and stakeholders. It is also a wonderful opportunity for Disability Champions to be inspired by cutting-edge developments nationally and internationally, which are making progress on employment of people with disability. Come together to learn and share knowledge about inclusion of people with disability in all aspects of business.
Our last conference was a sell-out, so we suggest getting involved early for our 2019 Conference, which will be held at the RACV City Club in the heart of Melbourne on Tuesday 14 May.
Take a look at the takeaways from our 2018 conference to gain insights into the calibre of speakers, expertise and ideas you can expect from this high-impact event.
Australian Network on Disability - Event Accessibility Checklist
When organising an event, whether it’s a board meeting, an annual conference, or the team Christmas party, there are a few small considerations to make to ensure it can be enjoyed by everybody.
The information below is an overview of considerations that should be made to accommodate people with disability. It is by no means exhaustive, but is a good place to start when planning your event. Always remember to ask each attendee about their unique requirements; never assume.
Choosing a venue
- Ensure entrances, lifts, ramps and corridor widths comply with Australian Standards.
- Ensure automatic doors at entrance are available and functioning.
- Ensure accessible bathrooms are available. Check that the bathrooms are functioning, clear of clutter, and can be easily accessed.
- Choose a venue that can be easily accessed by public transport.
- Make sure your venue understands the laws surrounding service animals in Australia.
- Check that the acoustics of the venue are adequate, and that noise from external sources (traffic, crowds, other events, etc.) do not interfere.
- Ask attendees to advise of any accessibility requirements when registering so that these adjustments are managed as a part of the event. Outline the accessibility features of the venue you have chosen.
- Ensure digital invitations are accessible. If you're fairly new to accessibility, check out our beginner's guide to accessible content.
- Ensure guests and participants can register for the event in a range of ways, including by phone, email or online. If using an online form or third party booking service, make sure it is accessible.
- Provide information about accessing the venue, including accessible parking, general parking, public transport, and venue drop-off points.
- For ticketed events, Companion cards and similar services should be honoured.
Marketing and communications
- Written material should be available in alternative formats, as required, before and after the event (e.g. braille, large print, audio, electronic).
- Signage, presentations and written material should have sufficient contrast levels.
- Make written material available in plain English/Easy English alternatives.
- Always use inclusive, person-first language.
- Ensure your event venue is accessible. Is there level access? Is there braille signage? Are there sufficient Tactile Ground Surface Indicators (TGSIs)?
- Wayfinding materials should be simple and easy to read (clear directions, appropriate signage).
- The emcee or event organiser should provide a verbal explanation of the layout of the venue at the start of the event. This should include the layout of the room and directions to toilets, meal areas, breakout rooms and fire exits.
- Book Auslan interpreters as needed, and reserve seats in front to enable a clear view for people who are deaf and hard of hearing.
- Provide sufficient space between tables for wheelchair access.
- Ensure table height is accessible to wheelchair users and people of short stature. This includes refreshment tables and buffets.
- For standing events, provide some chairs for people who may experience fatigue
- Venue should be clear of obstacles, and trip hazards such as cables should be removed or taped down.
- Provide guests with access to a separate, quiet area to allow them to take a break, if needed.
- Avoid strobe lighting or flashing lights.
- Provide a wheelchair ramp to the stage (if required) and ensure it complies with Australian Standards.
- Provide adjustable height microphones, or lapel microphones if required.
- Ensure a hearing loop is available.
- Provide space for Auslan interpreters (if required). Ensure interpreters are positioned in a well-lit area and clearly visible to the audience.
- Provide live captioning (available through Ai-Media). This involves having an adequate internet connection available for attendees to connect to through their personal devices, as well as a phone line to connect the captioners.
- Venue should be evenly lit throughout.
- All videos must be captioned.
- Videos should be audio described where appropriate. If they cannot be audio described, the presenter should supply any visual information that a person with low vision may not be able to access.
- Presenters should describe any visual information in their presentations.
- Provide a variety of meal options and include items that are easy to eat. Include foods that do not require utensils or intricacy.
- Ensure catering staff are briefed and available to assist attendees with serving items where required.
- Ensure special meals (e.g. vegetarian, gluten free, etc.) are clearly labelled and easily accessible.
Everyone has a role to play to ensure inclusion of people with disability. Our new eLearning courses assist managers and whole workforces to understand and contribute to access and inclusion in the workplace every day.
A beginner’s guide to accessible content – Australian Network on Disability
If you communicate with people, you need to know about web accessibility. It’ll help you write more compelling emails, create easier-to-read documents and improve your search rankings online. These days, the basic principles of accessibility are easy to understand and apply. With a few simple changes, everyone in your audience will benefit.
Practical tips anyone can use
You don’t need to know the ins and outs of technical accessibility, but you do want to make sure your communications can be easily read and understood by everyone. To that end, we’ve put together some simple, practical tips you can apply day to day to make your content more inclusive.
Use meaningful links
It can be annoying for anyone reading a document or webpage to come across an ambiguous link, such as “read more” or “click here”. By following the link, you have no idea where exactly you’ll end up. You might get a reasonable idea of the destination by reading the surrounding text, but wouldn’t it be easier if you just had to look at the link text to know where you’re going?
Ambiguous links can be even more frustrating for people who are blind or have low vision and rely on screen reader software to access content. It can be helpful for a screen reader user to jump from link to link to decide where they want to go next, but this exercise is pointless if all they hear is: “click here”, “read more”, “click here”, “further information”.
Imagine not being able to quickly scan a page of content to find the information you need.
Tips for writing link text:
- Concisely describe the link’s target – where it will take the reader.
- Make sure the link makes sense when read out of context.
- Front-load with the most important words, e.g. instead of “Learn more about barriers to inclusion in the workplace,” you could simply use, “Barriers to inclusion in the workplace.”
- If the link’s purpose is a download, include details about the type and size of what will be downloaded, e.g. “Australian Network on Disability 2017 Annual Report (PDF, 7MB).”
Provide image descriptions
Image descriptions, otherwise known as alternative text or alt text, benefit those who can’t see or can’t see well, as well as those with cognitive or learning disabilities. Alt text is picked up by screen reader software and read aloud to the user. If a screen reader comes across an image on a web page or within a document that doesn’t have alt text, the person using the screen reader may feel like they’ve missed out on information.
Imagine how much information, entertainment and understanding you’d miss out on if you couldn’t see pictures.
Tips for writing image descriptions:
- The description should accurately reflect the content or function of the image.
- Be succinct.
- If the image contains text, replicate that text in the description.
- If the image has been used as a link, describe the link destination in the description.
- If the image serves a purely decorative purpose, it could be described as “decorative” or have a null alt (a null alt looks like this in HTML: “”, which is a cue for screen readers and other assistive technologies to ignore it). Which method you use depends on the platform you’re using.
Alt text can be added easily within most platforms. For example, in newer versions of Microsoft you can simply right-click the inserted image, “Edit Alt Text” and add a description. In your website’s content management system there’s likely to be an image description field.
Use ‘true’ headings
We use headings all the time. They help us section blocks of content into smaller, more digestible chunks. Meaningful headings make content easier to read and navigate. For example, many of us will skim over all the headings in a document or web page to get a quick picture of what it’s about and where we should focus our attention. But what if the reader can’t see the headings?
People who are blind or have low vision may rely on screen reader software to read content out to them. In this case, if the person who created the document or web page has used only visual cues to identify headings – for example, made them bigger, bolder and a different colour – the headings will be read in the same way as the rest of the content. Without this structure, it’s difficult for the reader to get a quick overview of the content or be able to jump to the parts that interest them.
Imagine how difficult it would be to read a 200-page document without any headings. Imagine how frustrating it would be to find specific information within that document.
‘True’ headings are structural elements you can use to identify heading hierarchy from the back-end. The most important heading is level 1 (or H1), followed by H2, then H3, and so on. For example, the heading hierarchy in this article looks like this:
- H1: You need to know about web accessibility
- H2: Practical tips anyone can use
- H3: Use meaningful links
- H3: Provide image descriptions
- H3: Use ‘true’ headings
- H3: Use transcripts and captions for videos
- H3: Makes it as easy as possible for the reader
- H2: A note on web accessibility standards and obligations
- H2: Further support to drive accessibility in your workplace
- H2: Practical tips anyone can use
Even though you can’t see the hierarchy when looking at the content, a screen reader can pick it up and announce the heading level to the reader. It will say, “Heading level one: You need to know about accessibility,” “Heading level two: Introduction to accessibility video,” and so on. This gives the screen reader user a clearer picture of the content as a whole and enables them to skip to the sections they want to read. ‘True’ headings can be found in the “Home” ribbon of Microsoft Word, the “Format Text” ribbon in Microsoft Outlook, the editing section of your website’s content management system, or the structure tree within a PDF authoring tool.
Use transcripts and captions for videos
More than ever before, videos are being used to communicate with both internal and external audiences. So, it’s important to know how to make them accessible to everyone. This largely comes down to two areas: captions and transcripts.
Imagine watching your favourite movie without being able to see it or hear it.
Captions are an equivalent, synchronised, textual version of what is spoken throughout the video. Closed captions can be turned on or off, whereas open captions are always visible. They benefit people who can’t hear or hear well. They’re also useful to people who have a different native language, and those who can’t have the volume on or too loud, such as parents of sleeping babies and commuters.
Transcripts are important for those who can’t or don’t want to access the audio or video. It’s a textual version of what is said during the video, but may also include descriptions, explanations or comments. An example transcript (text description) can be found accompanying Australian Network on Disability’s Access and Inclusion is Good for Business video.
Make it as easy as possible for the reader
Accessibility techniques are designed specifically to improve access for people with disability. However, they often have far-reaching benefits related to general readability, comprehension and findability. Here are some additional tips to make it as easy as possible for every reader to enjoy your communications.
Tips for readability:
- Use clear, simple, inclusive language that is appropriate for your intended audience
- Left-align text to avoid uneven spacing between letters and words.
- Use sans serif fonts, such as Arial or Verdana.
- Use real text, not images of text.
- Expand acronyms on first use and wherever else is reasonable.
- Use ‘true’ lists (same concept as discussed in “Use ‘true’ headings).
- Avoid excessive use of bold, capitals, italics and underlines.
- Avoid very small font sizes.
- Links should be underlined and in a colour that stands out.
- Ensure good colour contrast between text and its background (a number of free tools are available to test this, such as Vision Australia’s Colour Contrast Analyser).
- Avoid using colour alone to convey information.
A note on web accessibility standards and obligations
The current and complete global standard for web content accessibility is the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines version 2.1, commonly referred to as WCAG 2.1. This technical standard is most useful to web developers and those involved in the maintenance of online content. WCAG was developed by the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the W3C in pursuit of a web that is accessible to people of all abilities. Watch their video, which introduces web accessibility.
The Australian Human Rights Commission endorses the application of WCAG in an Australian context in its World Wide Web Access: Disability Discrimination Act Advisory Notes.
Web teams, and anyone with permission to upload content to your organisation's website, should be familiar with and responsible for applying the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. Where extra technical support is needed, there are many specialist accessibility consultancies in Australia that can provide expert advice.
Media stereotyping people with intellectual disability
Often, a person with intellectual disability is treated as either ‘heroic’ or ‘tragic’ in the media. By maintaining these stereotypes, we maintain the assumptions and prejudices that go with them. How can we tell stories that truly promote inclusion?
What does a diverse workforce really look like?
Plenty of studies show that a diverse workforce leads to business gains, either in engagement, profit or efficiency, but we're still not embracing a diverse population, often one with non-visible disabilities, in large numbers. It's an untapped resource that may be costly to ignore in the future.
Interviewing People with Disability
The main purpose of any recruitment process is to find out whether an applicant has the skills and capability to undertake the “inherent or essential requirements” of the job. In order to ensure that potential applicants are able to make it through to the interview stage, the application must be accessible. This involves making application forms and other material available in accessible formats, an accessible website, and further information acknowledging workplace adjustments and your disability employment policy.
Many employers may not need to modify their current interviewing practices. In some cases, an applicant may not disclose their disability at the time of application in order to avoid potential discrimination. Because of this, it is recommended that all applicants proceeding to interview, not just those who advise they have disability, are asked whether they require any adjustments or assistance to participate in the interview.
For some people with disability, an interview may not be the best way to demonstrate their skills. Some may be nervous about interviews, particularly if they have been unemployed for some time. A person with disability may have the skills to perform the job but not interview well. In this instance, there are alternatives to consider. Adjustments may involve offering work for a contractual period, or an alternative means of assessing an applicant's suitability. This could include a work trial, or offering the applicant the opportunity to have a support person attend with them.
If a candidate shares their disability upon application, ask them what adjustments they may need for the interview. For example, a person with vision impairment may need detailed instructions and extra time to find the building. Your building and interview room need to be accessible, as do your processes. If any paper work needs to be completed during the interview, make sure they are available in alternative, accessible formats.
Types of questions
Members of recruitment and selection panels need to be disability aware and confident. Ask the applicant the same questions that you would anyone else. Ensure the questions address the inherent requirements or job essentials.
Use behavioural interview questions that are framed around the job essentials. This allows applicants to demonstrate where they gained their skills and abilities, regardless of the context.
For example, instead of asking “describe your call centre experience”, ask “tell me about a time where you’ve solved a problem for a difficult customer”. This will allow an applicant to demonstrate they have the skills required for a customer service role.
What questions can I ask a person about their disability?
The only questions an employer can lawfully ask about a disability or injury relate to:
- Any adjustments required to ensure a fair and equitable interview/selection process.
- How the person will perform the inherent requirements of a job.
- Any adjustments that may be required to complete the inherent requirements of the job.
Any other questions about an individual’s disability are inappropriate, including questions about:
- How the individual acquired their disability
- Specific details of the individual’s disability.
- How the disability will impact ability to perform aspects of the role
General interview etiquette
- Don’t patronise people with disability. Treat adults as adults.
- Don't be embarrassed if you use common expressions such as "see you later" to a person with vision impairment.
- If you offer assistance, wait until the offer is accepted. Be prepared for your offer to be refused.
- Use a normal tone of voice when extending a welcome. Do not raise your voice unless asked.
- Speak directly to the person with disability, rather than through a companion, interpreter or aid if they are present.
- Allow sufficient time for an applicant to respond to questions.
- Never pretend to understand if you don’t. Instead, repeat what you have understood and allow the person to respond. The response will guide your communication.
Interviewing people with physical disability
- Offer to shake hands even if they have limited hand use or wear an artificial limb. A left-hand shake is acceptable.
- Never lean on a person's wheelchair as the chair is their personal space.
Interviewing people who are blind or have low vision
- Allow a person with who is blind or has low vision to take your arm near the elbow to guide them rather than propel them.
- Always identify yourself and others who may be with you.
Interviewing people who are deaf or hard of hearing
- To gain attention, tap the person on the shoulder or wave your hand.
- Look directly at the person.
- For those that can read lips, face the light and keep your mouth clear when speaking.
- Be aware of the impact of background noise for people who are hard of hearing.
Interviewing people with intellectual disability
- Speak in a straightforward manner and check understanding.
- Be patient and wait for the person to finish what they are saying.
- Don’t pretend to understand the person if you don’t. Ask them to repeat what they have just said or to say it in another way (using different words, for instance).
Disability information sharing
There is no legal obligation for an employee to disclose a disability unless it is likely to affect their performance in a role. However, you should explain your workplaces’ diversity policies to applicants. This will assure them that your organisation actively encourages applicants from diverse backgrounds, and that it has an inclusive culture.
(Source www.and.org.au )
To contact your nearest NDCO please visit the Victorian NDCO website: www.ndcovictoria.net.au